The sea west of Spitsbergen the oceanographic observations of the Isachsen Spitsbergen Expedition in 1910 by BjГёrn Helland-Hansen

Cover of: The sea west of Spitsbergen | BjГёrn Helland-Hansen

Published by J. Dybwad in Christiania .

Written in English

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Edition Notes

Bibliography: p. 65.

Book details

SeriesVidenskapsselskapets Skrifter. I. Mat.-Naturv. Klasse 1912 -- No. 12
ContributionsNansen, Fridtjof, 1861-1930
LC ClassificationsGC59.59 H45
The Physical Object
Pagination89 p.
Number of Pages89
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL24616241M

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Buy The Sea West of Spitsbergen: The Oceanographic Observations of the Isachsen Spitsbergen Expedition in (Classic Reprint) on FREE SHIPPING on qualified orders. The sea west of Spitsbergen by Bjørn Helland-Hansen,J. Dybwad edition, in EnglishPages: The sea west of Spitsbergen; the oceanographic observations of the Isachsen Spitsbergen Expedition in by Helland-Hansen, Bjørn, ; Nansen, Fridtjof, Pages: The West Spitsbergen current is the northernmost branch of the Gulf Stream and brings relatively warm water up to the north along Spitsbergen’s west coast.

This makes the climate of Spitsbergen’s western and northern coasts relatively mild, with little sea ice. Spitsbergen (formerly known as West Spitsbergen; Norwegian: Vest Spitsbergen or Vestspitsbergen, Urban East Norwegian: [ˈvɛ̂stˌspɪtsbærɡn̩], also sometimes spelled Spitzbergen) is the largest and only permanently populated island of the Svalbard archipelago in northern tuting the westernmost bulk of the archipelago, it borders the Arctic Ocean, the Norwegian Sea, and the Location: Arctic Ocean.

The First Crossing of Spitsbergen: Being an Account of an Inland Journey of Exploration and Survey, with Descriptions of Several Mountain Ascents, of Boat Expeditions in Ice Fjord, of a Voyage to North-East-land, the Seven Islands, Down Hinloopen Strait, Nearly to Wiches Land, and Into Most of the Fjords of Spitsbergen, and of an Almost Complete Circumnavigation of the Main Island.

Tromso to Spitsbergen (Longyearbyen) 2nd to 12th July - FULL Spitsbergen (Longyearbyen) to Tromso 14th to 24th July The distance between Tromso and the southern end of Spitsbergen is approximately nm and the passage through the Arctic sea will take between days leaving the rest of the time to explore.

Recommended book for further, well-digestable (really!) info about geology and landscape of Svalbard. Landscape: Most striking, at least in comparison with other parts of Svalbard, is the dense land-use, but this does not mean that nature does not have anything to offer here.

The landscape is characterised by the plateau-shaped mountains which are so typical for central and eastern Svalbard. General: Spitsbergen is the name of the main island, whereas, Svalbard is the official name of the whole archipelago between 76°26’N (Bjørnøya) and 80°50’N (Sjuøyane) and 10°30’E and 28°10’E.

Earlier, the main island was called Vest-Spitsbergen; this name is abandoned. The total land area is 62, km2, ther km2 on the main island Spitsbergen, Edgeøya with 5, km2.

Click here for today’s weather in Spitsbergen, Jan Mayen and East Greenland. Spitsbergen’s climate is influenced by two oceanic currents: the West Spitsbergen Current is the northernmost surface branch of the gulf stream, bringing relatively mild water to Spitsbergen’s west and north coasts and giving these areas a milder climate with less drift ice.

Day West Spitsbergen and Polar Ice Edge The itinerary for this voyage focuses on the spectacular fjords, coasts and islands of western Spitsbergen, the main island of the Svalbard archipelago.

This area contains Svalbard’s most impressive scenery and some of the Arctic’s best wildlife viewing opportunities. Spitsbergen, the largest of the islands in the Svalbard Archipelago, sits well inside the Arctic Circle, just south of 80 degrees north latitude.

Barents Sea, Greenland Sea, and Norwegian Sea, north of Norway cool summers, cold winters; North Atlantic Current flows along west and north coasts of Spitsbergen, keeping water open and. Days Exploring Spitsbergen.

During your voyage, the expedition team will take advantage of local ice and weather conditions to explore the highlights of Spitsbergen's west coast, focusing on a search for wildlife. Wildlife viewing opportunities are enhanced by exploring as many remote areas as possible.

Svalbard (/ ˈ s v ɑː l b ɑːr / SVAHL-bar, Urban East Norwegian: [ˈsvɑ̂ːlbɑr] (); prior to known as Spitsbergen, or Spitzbergen, Russian: Шпицберген) is a Norwegian archipelago in the Arctic ed north of mainland Europe, it is about midway between continental Norway and the North islands of the group range from 74° to 81° north latitude, and from.

The Spitsbergen Treaty Mining The Second World War Spitsbergen after the war. Fjords and islands, settlements and stations: The regions of Svalbard Isfjord Forlandsund east side Prins Karls Forland Kongsfjord Krossfjord The northern west coast Northwestern Spitsbergen Raudfjord.

Gradually whaling in the open sea and along the ice floes to the west of Spitsbergen replaced bay whaling. At first, the blubber was tried out at the end of the season at Smeerenburg or elsewhere along the coast, but after mid-century the stations were abandoned entirely in favor of processing the blubber upon the return of the ship to port.

Svalbard, (Old Norse: “Cold Coast”) archipelago, part of Norway, located in the Arctic Ocean well north of the Arctic islands lie between longitude 10° and 35° E and latitude 74° and 81° N, about miles ( km) north of Tromsø, archipelago is composed of nine main islands: Spitsbergen (formerly West Spitsbergen), North East Land, Edge Island, Barents Island.

A " fine sheltered bay was seen to the east of us, an arm " of the same on the north-east, and the sea whose " glassy surface was unruffled by a breeze, formed an " immense expanse on the west ; the icebergs rearing " their proud crests almost to the tops of mountains " between which they were lodged, and defying the " power of the solar beams.

All include the services of a butler thanks to the highest service ratio at sea and almost all have a private teak veranda so that you can breathe in the fresh sea air by merely stepping outside your door. Select your suite and Request a Quote - guests who book early are rewarded with the best fares and ability to select their desired suite.

Spitsbergen, the Realm of the Polar Bear, is the largest island in Norway’s Svalbard archipelago. Experience some of the Arctic’s best adventure, learn about a rich history and culture and witness hour daylight under the midnight sun.

Providing spacious suites for accommodation of passengers the m/v Sea Spirit at the same time features maneuverability and friendly atmosphere of small ships. Our polar cruise vessel has an ice-strengthened hull, a fleet of Zodiacs, and a set of retractable fin stabilizers for smoother sailing.

Spitsbergen, Dutch for ‘pointed peaks’, has a human population and a Polar bear population that is roughly the same. It is one of the most unspoiled wilderness areas in the world. Although 60% of the land is covered with flowing glaciers, it has incredibly diverse scenery, including tundra, fjords and mountains from which it gets its name.

Named one of National Geographic Traveler’s 50 Tours of a Lifetime, this unforgettable voyage begins above the Arctic Circle at Spitsbergen, the “wildlife capital of the Arctic,” ventures to the spectacular, remote landscape of East Greenland, and ends in Iceland.

In Spitsbergen, you’ll visit spectacular glacier fronts, steep-walled fjords and wind-swept tundra, where wildlife. Venture to the fascinating region of West Spitsbergen and the Ice Cap on this unique day expedition on the Sea Spirit. Start and finish in Longyearbyen, Svalbard, which is a must for those who want to see the Arctic in all its wildness and splendor.

Spitsbergen (now more commonly known as Svalbard) is an archipelago located in the Arctic Ocean, north of Norway and east of Greenland.

The book includes sections on physical and political geography, economic conditions, political history, and a concluding section of general observations. Recently refurbished MS Spitsbergen is finished to a high standard and features comfortable, modern public areas and cabins.

The vessel's fresh Scandinavian design reflects a colour palette derived from the sea. She is modern and environmentally progressive, and plans are in place to reduce emissions and fuel consumption more. About 40 nautical miles west of Spitsbergen, you sail the edge of the continental shelf.

Here fin whales forage during the summer in the upwelling zones (where cold, nutrient-rich water wells up from below the sea’s surface) that run along the Spitsbergen banks. At the mouth of Kongsfjorden, you have a good chance of sighting minke whales.

Antarctica is much more homogeneous between the Ross Sea and the tip of the Antarctic Peninsula, and largely inaccessible anyway. The benefit is that this makes it possible to squeeze an introduction into a few pages, digitally as or – on a later occasion –.

Spitsbergen, the Realm of the Polar Bear, is the largest island in Norway’s Svalbard archipelago. cruising through pack ice up to 80° north along the west coast of Spitsbergen, retracing the steps of explorers from centuries past.

Learn more. Itinerary summary discover the great sea route at the top of the world—that obsessed. An inlet or sound on the west coast of Spitsbergen to the south, the next inlet down from the one that has Longyearbyen and Barentsburg.

There is a history of whaling here from the 's, though the most obvious remains are of rowing boats and piles of bones from beluga whales that date from the 's when there was a beluga whale fishery in.

For our study we have chosen the north-eastern part of the Greenland Sea, bordering with the west coast of Spitsbergen. The latitudes of the domain of study span the range between 76 and 80°N, while longitudes are contained within 5 and 20°E (Fig.

1a).For a detailed analysis we selected 9 points along a line that follows the general, approximate shape of the Spitsbergen coastline and its. I spoke to a man, aged hardly o who had been six years on the west Greenland whale fishery, three years in Antarctica and four years in Spitsbergen – and we amateurs think we know the sea.

If you’re itching to experience a more intimate view from the water, you can book the sea kayaking or paddling excursion adventure options. In Spitsbergen, there is no shortage of natural beauty.

The tundra can be surprisingly colorful in summer, with wildflowers bursting for a taste of sunshine. West Spitsbergen & Polar Ice Edge: 15% $ Journey across the enchanting Arctic on this day sailing expedition aboard the Sea Spirit.

Take advantage of every opportunity to. Gallery 3: on the west coast; Spitsbergen with SV Antigua, 25//7. Gallery 1: first days on the west coast; Gallery 2: Northwards, to the ice; Gallery 3: On the west coast again; Gallery 4: the east coast; Advanced Spitsbergen with Arctica II, /08/ Gallery 1: the northern west coast; Gallery 2: the north coast; Gallery 3: Hinlopen.

Sea Spirit Early Booking Offer Arctic Book before 31 October to Save 10% on Triple, Main Deck and Classic Suites and 15% on Superior, Deluxe, Premium and Owner’s Suites. Subject to availability. See prices below. A highly unusual sea icing in the North Atlantic occurred in summerwhen for the only time in years () the ice covered all sea area off Spitsbergen in April, thereon extended far south in May and June, and only retreated in July (Fig.

I-5 to I-8). Jonas Poole thoroughly explores Spitsbergen's west coast, reporting that he saw a "great store of whales"; this report leads to the establishment of the English whaling trade Russian, K. Kurochkin explores mouth of the Yenisei River and adjoining coast. Spitsbergen Explorer: Wildlife Capital of the Arctic.

The day Spitsbergen Explorer: Wildlife Capital of the Arctic expedition offers so many chances to connect with unique Arctic wildlife. The archipelago is home to the iconic polar bear, as well as whales, walrus.

Basking in the midnight sun, you sail north along the edge of the sea ice in search of bowhead whales, harp seals, polar bears, and a variety of seabirds. You then change direction after about 79° north, cutting west to the rocky edges of the continental shelf of west Spitsbergen.

The structure of bryozoan assemblages from two dissimilar Arctic regions was studied by Kuklinski and Bader () at sites off the east coast of Greenland and the west coast of Spitsbergen. The east Greenland and west Spitsbergen sites are at the same latitude (79°N) on the Greenland Sea but differ in hydrology, distance from the land, and.Spitsbergen (formerly known as West Spitsbergen; Norwegian: Vest Spitsbergen or Vestspitsbergen) [1] [2] [3] is the largest and only permanently populated island of the Svalbard archipelago in tuting the western-most bulk of the archipelago, it borders the Arctic Ocean, the Norwegian Sea and the Greenland ergen covers an area of 39, km 2 (15, sq mi), making it the.Book this 7-day active adventure aboard the guest Ocean Adventurer, the guest World Explorer or the guest Ultramarine.

Sail the western coastline of Spitsbergen which features magnificent fjords, towering sea cliffs, polar bears and walrus.

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